ERIC Number: ED477133
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
The National Cross-Site Evaluation of High-Risk Youth Programs: Understanding Risk, Protection, and Substance Use among High-Risk Youth. Monograph Series.
Springer, J. Fred; Sambrano, Soledad; Sale, Elizabeth; Kasim, Rafa; Hermann, Jack
This document summarizes findings from the Center for Substance Abuse Prevention's National Cross-Site Evaluation of High-Risk Youth Programs, which identified characteristics associated with strong substance abuse prevention outcomes in 48 prevention programs. Major findings include: as youth age, levels of risk and protection shift considerably, with a steady movement from the protective to the risk conditions in most external and internal factors; gender plays an important role in risk, protection, and substance use (e.g., neighborhood conditions have a greater influence on substance abuse among males than females); connectedness protects against substance use (connectedness to family and school form the core of this protection); the peer environment is critically linked to substance use (youth whose peers do not use substance or whose peers disapprove of substance use report less use themselves); and broadening the range of protective influences in the external environments increases protection against substance use. (Contains 24 references and 15 figures.) (SM)
Descriptors: Adolescents, At Risk Persons, Children, Community Involvement, Family Influence, Peer Influence, Program Effectiveness, Resistance to Temptation, Sex Differences, Substance Abuse, Youth Programs
National Clearinghouse for Alcohol and Drug Information, P.O. Box 2345, Rockville, MD 20847-2345. Tel: 301-468-2600; Tel: 800-729-6686 (Toll Free); Web site: http://www.samhsa.gov.
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (DHHS/PHS), Rockville, MD. Center for Substance Abuse Prevention.