ERIC Number: ED476939
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2003-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Number of Black Children in Extreme Poverty Hits Record High. Analysis Background.
Children's Defense Fund, Washington, DC.
To examine the experiences of black children and poverty, researchers conducted a computer analysis of data from the U.S. Census Bureau's Current Population Survey, the source of official government poverty statistics. The data are through 2001. Results indicated that nearly 1 million black children were living in extreme poverty, with after-tax income (including food and housing benefits) below half the poverty line. The number of extremely poor black children was at the highest level in 23 years. The percentage of black children in extreme poverty in 2001 was near a record high (it reached a 23-year peak in 1992). The percentage remained slightly higher than it was in 1996 when the welfare law was signed, despite several years of economic boom in between. A dwindling safety net for the worst-off families appears to have influenced the trends. Fewer and fewer otherwise extremely poor children of all races received cash public assistance. A growing number had no assistance, despite their extreme poverty. Trends in extreme poverty were not the result of potential pitfalls in survey data such as failure to count income from live-in boyfriends or other household measures, possible underreporting of welfare income, or the presence of wealthy respondents with very low annual incomes who live off of sizable assets. (SM)
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Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Children's Defense Fund, Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Temporary Assistance for Needy Families