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ERIC Number: ED476916
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2003-Apr
Pages: 30
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The World Around Them: The Relationship between Kindergartners' Summer Experiences and Their General Knowledge.
Rathbun, Amy H.; Reaney, Lizabeth M.; West, Jerry
This study drew on data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998-99 to examine whether children made gains in general knowledge over the summer following their first year of kindergarten, whether general knowledge gains were similar for all children, and whether participation in certain types of summer activities related to general summer knowledge gains. The analyses in this study used a subset of 3,718 children from the larger study who were first-time kindergartners in Fall 1998, who were administered a general knowledge assessment in English in both Spring and Fall 1999, and whose parents completed an interview in Fall 1999. Findings revealed that children gained an average of 3.2 points on general knowledge assessments over the summer. Children who repeated kindergarten in 1999-2000 showed smaller summer gains than children who moved to first grade. Higher family SES and lower general knowledge status at end of kindergarten were associated with greater summer gains. White children and those from high-SES groups had more involvement in all types of summer activities than some minority children and those from the lowest SES. Associations between summer experiences and general knowledge gains were detected only for children from the lowest general knowledge group after controlling for other factors in the model. For this group, greater exposure to literacy activities was related to additional summer knowledge gains. Low- knowledge children participating in summer school, camps, or day care gained more than low-knowledge children not attending summer education programs. For children from middle and high general knowledge groups, summer activities were not associated with summer general knowledge gains. (Contains 12 references.) (KB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Policymakers; Researchers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Early Childhood Longitudinal Survey