ERIC Number: ED476902
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-May
Reference Count: N/A
Some Have Credit Cards and Others Have Giro Cheques: A Study of New Labour's 'Individuals' and 'People' as Lifelong Learners in Late Modernity. Occasional Papers.
The linguistic behavior of individuals and people in the official literature on lifelong learning (LL) was examined and interpreted in light of the theories of individualization in late modern culture and society, particularly the theories of Ulrich Beck and Anthony Giddens. The analysis was performed to shed light on that literature's ideological stance toward participants in the "learning society" and to demonstrate that the analysis of language is crucial to social and cultural inquiry. A 900,000-word corpus of recent government and academic publications on LL was used to perform a concordance-based analysis of the collocations of "individuals" as members of institutionalized collectives, agents, rational citizens, and consumers and to compare them with "people". The 1 million word British National Corpus was used as a reference corpus. The LL corpus contained 1,775 instances of forms of the word "individual" and 1,450 instances of "people," whereas the British National Corpus contained 22,264 instances of forms of the word "individual" and 123,427 instances of "people." By demonstrating that "individual" occurs more frequently with societal institutions in the LL discourse than in general usage, that individuals and people are different, and that people is a far more frequent word in the whole language than it is in policy-making, the researcher concluded that the different usage of "individuals" and "people" show that the discourse of LL has close affinities with contemporary sociocultural models of individualization, consumption, production, and the risk society. (The bibliography lists 41 references. A list of 30 documents in the lifelong learning corpus is appended.) (Author/MN)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Adult Learning, Comparative Analysis, Discourse Analysis, Educational Finance, Educational Philosophy, Educational Policy, Educational Theories, Financial Support, Foreign Countries, Ideology, Language Usage, Lifelong Learning, Literature Reviews, Policy Formation, Postsecondary Education, Social Attitudes, Sociolinguistics, Word Frequency, Written Language
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Southampton Univ. (England). Centre for Language Education.
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom