ERIC Number: ED476868
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2003-Apr-22
Comparing Eighth-Grade Diagnostic Test Results for Korean, Czech, and American Students.
Um, Eunkyoung; Dogan, Enis; Im, Seongah; Tatsuoka, Kimumi; Corter, James E.
Diagnostic analyses were conducted on data from the Third International Mathematics and Science Study second population (TIMSS-R; 1999) from the United States, Korea, and the Czech Republic in terms of test item attributes (i.e., content, processing skills, and item format) and inferred students' knowledge. The Rule Space model (K. Tatsuoka, 1998) was used to infer student mastery of individual attributes. Korean, U.S., and Czech students ere compared in terms of patterns of attribute mastery. First, attribute mastery probabilities were related to their overall mathematics score (achievement level). Second, profiles of mean attribute mastery probabilities were compared between Czech, Korean, and U.S. students. Students of these three countries show relatively high achievement in integer arithmetic skills, using figures and graphs, evaluation/verification, proportional reasoning, translation, judgmental applications of knowledge in geometry, and computational applications of knowledge in geometry. These students are relatively low in statistics/data analysis, unit conversion, and applying and evaluating mathematical correctness. Finally, the effects of student characteristics on patterns of mathematics achievement were investigated in the United States, Korea, and the Czech Republic. Students self-concept in mathematics and socioeconomic composition are significant predictors of student achievement in geometry, open-ended items, and logical reasoning in all three countries. An appendix lists knowledge and process skills related to achievement on TIMSS-R. (Contains 12 tables and 7 references.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Science Foundation, Arlington, VA.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Czech Republic; South Korea; United States
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study