ERIC Number: ED476810
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2003-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Schools' Use of Assessments for Kindergarten Entrance and Placement: 1998-99. Statistics in Brief.
Prakash, Naomi; West, Jerry; Denton, Kristin
Data from the base-year (kindergarten) collection of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998-99 (ECLS-K) were used to describe the use of entrance or placement tests prior to kindergarten by schools in the United States that offer kindergarten classes. Also examined were the different ways that schools use the information from these tests, as well as use of entrance and placement tests by public and private schools, and by schools with different concentrations of low-income children, different grade levels taught, and different numbers of children enrolled. Findings showed that 61 percent of schools administered entrance or placement tests prior to kindergarten. Schools were more likely to use information from these tests to evaluate childrens needs and to guide instruction than to make decisions about whether children should be allowed to enter school or not. More public than private schools administered entrance or placement tests prior to kindergarten. Schools with larger student enrollments (greater than 300 students) were more likely than schools with fewer than 150 students to administer entrance or placement tests. In public schools, no differences were detected in the use of entrance or placement testing by school poverty. Thirteen percent of schools with kindergarten programs used entrance/placement tests to inform entry decisions when a child is below the cut-off age, with no differences by school type, level of instruction, or school size. About 25 percent of schools used entrance/placement tests to support a recommendation to delay a childs entry to kindergarten. (KB)
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Early Childhood Education, Kindergarten Children, Low Income Groups, Poverty, Primary Education, Private Schools, Public Schools, School Size, Student Evaluation, Student Placement
ED Pubs, P.O. Box 1398, Jessup, MD 20794-1398. Tel: 877-433-7827 (Toll Free); Fax: 301-470-1244; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://edpubs.org. For full text: http://nces.ed.gov/pubs2003/200304.pdf.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Center for Education Statistics (ED), Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Early Childhood Longitudinal Survey