ERIC Number: ED476574
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002
School Performance and Resource Use: The Role of Districts in New York City. NYU Wagner Working Paper.
Iatarola, Patrice; Stiefel, Leanna; Schwartz, Amy Ellen
This study examined the role of school sub-city districts in determining the performance and efficacy of their member schools. A total of 846 low- and high-performing schools and sub-city districts were identified using a 3-year panel of data (1997-99) on New York City elementary and middle schools. These data were used to examine the differences in the school performance across school districts and to investigate the role of the district in shaping school performance. Results indicated that school districts did indeed matter. The estimated district fixed effects suggested that school districts had an important role in school performance, even when they had no revenue raising responsibility. The study examined whether that effect was due to unobservable, time invariant district characteristics or differences in the measurable characteristics of the districts, and it found that the number of middle schools, the level of per pupil spending, and the ways that resources were spent were the most significant factors. The study concludes that accountability systems need to be designed to recognize the role of school districts and to hold them accountable for their performance as well. Tables are appended. (Contains 15 references.) (SM)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Accountability, Elementary Education, Middle Schools, Resource Allocation, School District Spending, School Districts, Urban Schools
New York University, Wagner School of Public Service, 4 Washington Sq. North, New York, NY 10003. Tel: 212-998-7437; Fax: 212-995-3890; Web site: http://www.nyu.edu/wagner.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Robert Sterling Clark Foundation, Inc., New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: New York Univ., NY. Inst. for Education and Social Policy.
Identifiers - Location: New York (New York)