ERIC Number: ED476541
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002-May-29
Reference Count: N/A
Animals of the Chinese Zodiac. [Lesson Plan].
The Chinese lunar calendar dates back to the second millennium BC. Unlike the western calendar, which numbers the years progressively from the birth of Jesus Christ, the Chinese calendar is cyclical. Each cycle is made up of 12 years--after the 12th year, the cycle is repeated. The Chinese associate each year of a 12-year cycle with an animal, and they refer to the years as the "year of the dragon," the "year of the ox," and so forth. The 12 animals and the years associated with them are often represented on a circular chart, and for this reason they are known as animals of the zodiac. The use of the animal names in the calendar led to the development of Chinese astrology. Astrology can be defined as a pseudo-science linking human destinies to charts associated with heavenly bodies or the recording of time. The Chinese created horoscopes, daily predictions based on the year of an individual's birth. In this lesson plan, students will learn about the 12 animals of the Chinese zodiac. In the introductory lesson, they will see how animals are often used as symbols. In the second lesson, they will hear one of several versions of how the 12 animals were chosen and then focus on a few of the animals and see how they are used as symbols of certain human characteristics. The lessons also explore other facets of the Chinese zodiac. This lesson plan, intended for students in grades K-2: cites subject areas, time required, and skills developed; provides an introduction; presents learning objectives; poses guiding questions; gives tips for teachers preparing to teach the lesson; suggests (and delineates) four classroom activities; offers suggestions for extending the lesson; lists selected Web resources; and addresses standards alignment. (NKA)
Descriptors: Animals, Chinese Culture, Class Activities, Curriculum Enrichment, Language Arts, Learning Activities, Lesson Plans, Primary Education, Skill Development, Student Educational Objectives, Units of Study
For full text: http://edsitement.neh.gov/lesson_index.asp.
Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Practitioners; Teachers
Sponsor: Council of the Great City Schools, Washington, DC.; MCI WorldCom, Arlington, VA.; National Endowment for the Humanities (NFAH), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A