ERIC Number: ED476507
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002
Reference Count: N/A
The Impact of Adult Mortality on Primary School Enrollment in Northwestern Tanzania. Africa Region Human Development Working Paper Series.
Ainsworth, Martha; Beegle, Kathleen; Koda, Godlike
The AIDS epidemic is making orphans out of many African children and threatens to reverse hard-won gains in raising school enrollments. The average gross primary enrollment ration (GPER) the number of children enrolled as a percent of the total number of children of school age was only 77% for Sub-Saharan Africa in 1996. The countries are hard-hit by the Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) epidemic, with infection levels ranging from 8% of adults in Tanzania and Uganda to 25% of adults in Zimbabwe. But, excepting Malawi, the countries with higher HIV prevalence have higher 1997 enrollment rates. A study measured the impact of adult deaths and orphan status on household decisions to enroll children in primary (elementary) school. It also identified the characteristics of children with the lowest schooling and the policy variables that will raise enrollments. The study focused on the enrollment of children (ages 7-14) using data from a longitudinal household survey conducted from 1991-1994 in northwestern Tanzania. Findings reveal that Tanzanian households are coping with adult deaths by delaying enrollment of young children (ages 7-10), while maintaining enrollment of older children (ages 11-14). Among orphans, only young maternal orphans are being held back; but they eventually enroll at the same rates as other children. The impact of a recent adult death on delayed enrollment depends on the economic status of the household. Children in low-income households have delayed enrollment following an adult death; while less poor households do not. (Contains 26 notes, 13 figures, 2 tables, 34 references, and a data annex.) (BT)
Descriptors: Developing Nations, Economic Status, Educational Research, Elementary Education, Enrollment, Foreign Countries, Multivariate Analysis, Primary Education
The World Bank, 1818 H Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20433. Tel: 800-645-7247 (Toll Free); Fax: 703-661-1501; Web site: http://www.worldbank.org/.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: World Bank, Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Location: Tanzania