ERIC Number: ED476478
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Nov
Wilderness Survival and Outdoor Education.
Outdoor education is often delivered through games and activities such as nature hikes or observing an ecosystem within a 1-foot circle on the ground. Often, participants look closely at the earth only for that brief moment. Wilderness survival is another way to teach about the outdoors. It offers skills that encourage participants to become more interactive with nature by observing it and participating in it. For example, the "bow drill" fire will teach about trees; cordage from plant fibers or tea made from leaves, roots, bark, or needles will teach about plants; and sleeping in a debris hut will teach about animals. Outdoor educators can use the teaching method known as "coyote teaching." The coyote in much of Native lore is known as the trickster. The coyote teacher role is to inspire and trick students into looking more closely at their surroundings by answering questions with questions that push students to find the answer on their own. When asked "what tree is that," the coyote teacher asks the student what does the bark look like, or are the branches opposite or alternate, and concludes by handing the student a field guide to trees so they can learn it for themselves. Coyote teaching is a simple and continual process that shifts the responsibility of learning from the educator to the student. (TD)
Descriptors: Discovery Learning, Educational Strategies, Environmental Education, Experiential Learning, Outdoor Education, Teaching Methods, Wilderness
For full text of entire proceedings: http://www.aore.org/ICOREProceedings2001.pdf.
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A