ERIC Number: ED476404
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2003-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
The Wishing Crystal: Joint Construction in the Junior-Primary Classroom. PEN.
When children begin school many of them do not anticipate the grammatical patterns and word choices that accompany written language, and which make written language so different from spoken language. It is for this reason that young students need varying degrees of scaffolding--teacher and peer support that enables them to gain increasing control over literate discourse. An Australian educator joined a literacy research team that set out to explore the effectiveness of an educational approach that aims to scaffold literacy learning and worked with a class of 25 Reception/Year 1 students, including four Aboriginal students. The group used the Scaffolded Literacy pedagogy devised by Brian Gray from the University of Canberra, to develop the group's: understanding of genre construction; decoding and spelling skills; understanding of authors' choices in text construction; skills in critical analysis; and construction of texts. This document discusses how the focus text ("The Wishing Well" by Arnold Lobel) was chosen as a model to construct a class text using its literary structure--negotiating a writing plan and writing the story in small groups. It explains that the story was planned by the class together in groups of six and that some lessons were videotaped. It considers the following: opportunities for students to make choices as authors; how the teacher dealt with students' suggestions and opinions; how particular students shared in taking control of the text; and what the teacher learned about negotiating texts with the group. (NKA)
Descriptors: Class Activities, Classroom Research, Foreign Countries, Indigenous Populations, Instructional Effectiveness, Learning Activities, Literacy, Primary Education, Scaffolding (Teaching Technique), Teacher Role, Writing Research
Primary English Teaching Association, P.O. Box 3106, Marrickville, NSW 2204, Australia. Tel: (02) 9565 1277; Fax: (02) 9565 1070; e-mail: email@example.com; Web site: http://www.peta.edu.au.
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Spencer Foundation, Chicago, IL.
Authoring Institution: Primary English Teaching Association, Marrickville (Australia).
Identifiers - Location: Australia