ERIC Number: ED476385
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2002-Apr
Enhancing the Completeness of the Narrative Accounts in Children with Learning Disabilities To Increase Witness Credibility in Cases of Abuse and Neglect.
This report discusses a study that examined the perceived credibility of children with learning disabilities once they received instruction in a procedure to increase recall during narrative testimony. Narrative Elaboration Training (NET) helps children to develop memory skills by teaching strategies for remembering the details that are expected in questioning on the witness stand. It consists of four organizational categories cues that have been studied as triggers for children's event knowledge: participants, settings, actions, and conversation/affective states. Each topic is depicted in a simple drawing on flash cards that are used as cues to remind children to elaborate when possible. Adults (n=202) rated the credibility in both cued and free recall from a child who received the training, compared to a control. A significant difference was found in six of the eight credibility dimensions. The child who received NET was rated as more able to narrate, likeable, and nervous. The control child was rated as more confident, consistent, and outgoing. No significant difference was found in speech strength or believability. The report argues that although the data failed to show the child who received the training as being perceived more credible overall, he was seen as more capable of narrative. (Contains 23 references.) (CR)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Oakland Univ., Rochester, MI. Adult Career Counseling Center.