ERIC Number: ED476304
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2003-May
Reference Count: N/A
Concentrated Poverty: A Change in Course. Neighborhood Change in Urban America.
Kingsley, G. Thomas; Pettit, Kathryn L. S.
This study examined overall poverty concentration in the 1990s, also investigating how the composition of concentrated poverty shifted between different types of locations and by race and ethnicity, and how the changes took place. Data came from the Neighborhood Change Database and the 2000 Census. While things got better in high poverty neighborhoods in the 1990s, in most places they only got a little better. In 2000, conditions remained significantly more problematic in high-poverty areas than other neighborhoods with respect to every indicator. Poverty became less notably concentrated in the 1990s. An increasing share of high-poverty tracts were in the suburbs of the largest 100 metropolitan areas (15 percent in 2000, which is up from 11 percent in 1980), but central cities of those metros still retained a dominant if decreasing share. The share of all high-poverty tracts with predominantly African American populations declined markedly since 1980 while those that were predominantly Hispanic or with no predominant race went up. Changes in concentrated poverty were not primarily due to population growth or declines in a fixed set of neighborhoods. (Contains 12 references.) (SM)
Descriptors: Ethnicity, Minority Groups, Neighborhoods, Population Trends, Poverty, Racial Differences, Residential Patterns, Socioeconomic Status, Suburbs, Urban Areas
Urban Institute, 2100 M Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20037. Tel: 202-261-5687; Fax: 202-429-0687; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.uipress.org.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Rockefeller Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Urban Inst., Washington, DC.