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ERIC Number: ED476292
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2003-Jan
Pages: 10
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Biennial Performance Reports--Disproportionality. Quick Turn Around (QTA).
Muller, Eve; Markowitz, Joy
This brief paper analyzes the types of information about disproportionality of particular racial/ethnic groups in special education that states provided in the Biennial Performance Reports (BPRs) submitted to the U.S. Department of Education in 2002 (covering the academic years 1991-2000 and 2000-2001). A section on the study's background notes requirements under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act to collect data on disproportionality. The BPRs of all 50 states and nine non-state jurisdictions were examined. Forty-five jurisdictions provided data on disproportionality in table form while the others provided narrative information only. Twenty-nine states used the formula recommended by the Office of Special Education Programs to determine disproportionality. Forty-four of the jurisdictions identified one or more areas/types of disproportionality, most commonly in the following disability categories: emotional disturbance (40 states), mental retardation (39 states), and specific learning disability (35 states). Thirty-five states included at least some information on how they were addressing or planning to address disproportionality. Also, 26 states expressed concerns about the collection and use of data to determine disproportionality. Among these concerns were that heightened awareness of disproportionality could lead to a drop in appropriate referrals and that poverty may affect the labeling and referral of students. (DB)
Project FORUM, National Association of State Directors of Special Education, 1800 Diagonal Road, Suite 320, Alexandria, VA 22314. Tel: 703-519-3800 (Voice); Tel: 703-519-7008 (TDD); Web site: For full text:
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Administrators; Practitioners; Policymakers
Language: English
Sponsor: Special Education Programs (ED/OSERS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Association of State Directors of Special Education, Alexandria, VA.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Individuals with Disabilities Education Act