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ERIC Number: ED476288
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2003-Apr
Pages: 18
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Motivational Function of Private Speech: An Experimental Approach.
de Dios, M. J.; Montero, I.
Recently, some works have been published exploring the role of private speech as a tool for motivation, reaching beyond the classical research on its regulatory function for cognitive processes such as attention or executive function. In fact, the authors' own previous research has shown that a moderate account of spontaneous private speech of children aged between 4 and 8 has motivational content. To obtain more conclusive data on a hypothetical motivational function of this kind of utterances, a study used a factorial design, with private speech and task difficulty manipulated as independent factors, and task performance and persistence observed as dependent variables. Subjects were 83 preschool, second-grade, or fourth-grade children from a school in Madrid, Spain. The results show that the participants persist more in the free private speech condition. In addition, the number of utterances is greater in this condition. It can be also observed that the increase in persistence is related to the relative frequency of private speech with motivational content. Finally, implications of these results for the development of a socio-historical approach to motivation are discussed. The codification system is presented in an appendix. (Contains 17 references and 4 figures.) (Author/RS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A