ERIC Number: ED476134
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2003-Apr-15
Reference Count: N/A
Value-Added Analysis: A Review of Related Issues.
Doran, Harold C.
This paper makes the case that value added assessment (VAA) is one potential tool for increasing the accuracy of inferences regarding school effects, even though it is far from being a panacea. The promise of VAA rests in its focus on individual growth trajectories and its perceived ability to isolate the influence of a school from other factors believed to influence a student's learning. VAA may decrease the mistakes that have been made when measuring school effectiveness, but not eliminate them completely. VAA may be one method for reducing false positives, or the Type II error rate, by more appropriately estimating growth over time as compared to conventional cross-sectional techniques. This paper explores issues related to VAA with the aim of balancing statistical concerns with logistical issues. Value added analysis should be one component of accountability, and if the models are appropriately specified, then they will be one source of information to support appropriate classroom and public action. Appropriate specification is not easily accomplished. Value added models are complex, but can be an important tool for the accountability movement. (Contains 57 references.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Carnegie Corp. of New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: N/A