ERIC Number: ED475964
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2003-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Quality Child Care for Infants and Toddlers: Case Studies of Three Community Strategies. Final Report.
Paulsell, Diane; Nogales, Renee; Cohen, Julie
To address the increasing child care needs of low-income families in the wake of welfare reform, federal and state governments have responded with increased funding for child care and for initiatives to improve quality. Some of these initiatives have been designed specifically to address the unique challenges of infant-toddler care. This report details findings of a Zero to Three and Mathematica Policy Research in-depth study of collaborative community initiatives and partnerships designed to improve low-income families' access to good-quality infant-toddler care. The report describes three case study initiatives: (1) the Community Consolidated Child Care Pilot Services Program in El Paso, Texas; (2) state-sponsored Early Head Start Programs in Kansas City, Kansas and Sedalia, Missouri; and (3) Mountain Area Child and Family Centers in Buncombe County, North Carolina. The report also summarizes parent perspectives gleaned from focus groups conducted in each of the case study communities, and examines two overarching themes that emerged across the initiatives studied: how to pay for infant-toddler care, and how to ensure the provision of good-quality care. Among the findings noted in the report are the following: (1) in all sites, parents identified an inadequate supply of regulated infant-toddler slots, the high cost of infant-toddler care, and inadequate quality of many arrangements they could afford as the three main barriers low-income families faced; (2) when assured of a steady cash flow and ongoing support, family child care providers in the case study sites proved to be a significant source of quality infant-toddler slots for low-income families; (3) some regulatory barriers that deter providers from creating infant toddler slots in existing facilities can be overcome without compromising children's health and safety; (4) improving quality in the case study sites required offering sustained and intensive support to providers; and (5) with adequate support, child care providers were able to accept and care for children with special needs. The report's appendix includes site visit protocols. (Contains 59 references.) (HTH)
Descriptors: Agency Cooperation, Child Care, Community Role, Cooperation, Infants, Low Income, Parent Attitudes, Partnerships in Education, Program Descriptions, Toddlers
Zero to Three, 2000 M Street, NW, Suite 200, Washington, DC 20036-3307. Tel: 202-638-1144; Fax: 202-638-0851; Web site: http://www.zerotothree.org. For full text: http://www.mathematica-mpr.com/PDFs/qualchildhlth.pdf.
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Administration on Children, Youth, and Families (DHHS), Washington, DC. Child Care Bureau.; Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, Kansas City, MO.
Authoring Institution: Zero to Three: National Center for Infants, Toddlers and Families, Washington, DC.; Mathematica Policy Research, Princeton, NJ.