ERIC Number: ED475905
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2003-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Race as a Factor in Juvenile Arrests. Juvenile Justice Bulletin.
Pope, Carl E.; Snyder, Howard E.
This bulletin examines the effect of race on police decisions to take juvenile offenders into custody. Analysis of 1997 and 1998 data on 17 states from the Federal Bureau of Investigation's National Incident-Based Reporting System indicates that there is no evidence to support the hypothesis that police are more likely to arrest nonwhite juvenile offenders than white juvenile offenders, once other incident attributes are considered. This holds true when data are analyzed in the aggregate, at the state level, and within each crime category. There is some evidence to support the conclusion that once a violent crime is reported to or witnessed by police, the likelihood of arrest is greater for white than for nonwhite juvenile offenders. The data do not indicate, however, an indirect bias effect in the arrest of nonwhite juveniles in that they are more likely to be arrested when the victim is white than when the victim in nonwhite. For the 17 states examined, no significant differences were found with regard to arrest decisions for white and nonwhite youth. Overall, crimes against white victims were more likely to result in arrest than were crimes against nonwhite victims. (Contains 15 references.) (SM)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Delinquency, Juvenile Justice, Minority Groups, Police, Racial Bias, Racial Differences, Young Adults
Juvenile Justice Clearinghouse, P.O. Box 6000, Rockville, MD 20849-6000. Tel: 800-638-8736; Fax: 301-519-5212; Web site: http://puborder.ncjrs.org/Content/search.asp.
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Department of Justice, Washington, DC. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.