ERIC Number: ED475703
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Helping Children and Adolescents Cope with Violence and Disasters. Fact Sheet.
National Inst. of Mental Health (DHHS), Bethesda, MD.
This fact sheet, newly revised and updated since the attacks of September 11th, aims to share what is known about the impact of violence and disasters on children and to suggest steps to minimize long-term emotional harm. Trauma is defined to include emotional as well as physical experiences and injuries. It is noted that even secondhand exposure to violence can be traumatic, and therefore, all children and adolescents exposed to violence or disaster, even if only through graphic media reports, should be watched for signs of distress. Loss of trust and fear of the event occurring again are seen in many children and adolescents who have been exposed to traumatic events. After violence or a disaster occurs, the family is the first-line resource for helping. Among the things that parents and other adults can so are explain the episode as well as feelings, let children know that it is normal to feel upset, and allow time for the youngsters to experience and talk about their feelings. The fact sheet concludes with a discussion of post-traumatic stress disorder, its diagnosis and treatment, and what scientists at the NIMH are learning about trauma in children and adolescents. A list of national organizations is included for further information. (Contains 39 references.) (GCP)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Child Health, Children, Coping, Counseling, Crisis Intervention, Influences, Intervention, Natural Disasters, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Violence
National Institute of Mental Health, 6001 Executive Blvd., Rm. 8184, MSC 9663, Bethesda, MD 20892-9663. Tel: 301-443-4513; Tel: 301-443-8431 (TTY); Fax: 301-443-4279; e-mail: email@example.com; Web site: http://www.nimh.nih.gov. For full text: http://www.nimh.nih.gov/publicat/violence.cfm.
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Inst. of Mental Health (DHHS), Bethesda, MD.