ERIC Number: ED475632
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002
Reference Count: N/A
Contextualised Learning for 5- 8-Year-Olds. 5-14 Teacher Support Series.
Noting that play provides opportunities for children to develop adaptability, flexibility, and creativity, this paper links the findings of educational research on play and the work of teachers in primary classrooms in Scotland following the 5-14 curriculum. The paper's introduction provides information on historical and contemporary theories of play. The paper then continues with definitions of three types of play: (1) epistemic behavior, exploring the basic properties of materials to develop further knowledge; (2) ludic behavior, including sociodramatic and fantasy play; and (3) games with rules. Adults' role as managers and scaffolders of play is emphasized. Next, the paper delineates ways to create an environment in which children can learn through play by considering the space, time, materials, and rules. Suggestions for planning for play are listed. The teacher's role is also discussed. Suggestions for assessing learning that takes place during play include planning for assessment opportunities and developing and maintaining records of learning. Questions to assist in evaluating and improving the quality of play relate to the aims and objectives of play; the curriculum; teaching and learning strategies; planning, assessment, and record keeping; the physical environment; equal opportunities for play; parental partnership; and monitoring and evaluation. The paper then describes how play can be used to access the 5-14 curriculum strands of personal and social development/English, mathematics, science, and the expressive arts (art and design, drama, music, physical education). Implications for current methods of teaching are discussed, with a list of starting points for discussion. The paper concludes with a list of play services and web sites available for further information. (Contains 30 references.) (KB)
Descriptors: Children, Educational Environment, Elementary School Curriculum, Foreign Countries, Games, Learning Activities, Play, Primary Education, Scaffolding (Teaching Technique), Student Evaluation, Teacher Role, Teacher Student Relationship, Teaching Methods
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Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Learning and Teaching Scotland, Dundee.
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom (Scotland)