ERIC Number: ED475604
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2003
Reference Count: N/A
New Kent School and the George W. Watkins School: From Freedom of Choice to Integration. Teaching with Historic Places.
Allen, Jody; Daugherity, Brian; Trembanis, Sarah
During the Jim Crow era, separation of the races in public places was either required by law or permitted as a cultural norm. Public school systems across the U.S. south were typically segregated. After 1896, these schools were supposed to adhere to the separate but equal rule established by the U.S. Supreme Court in "Plessy v. Ferguson." However, schools for blacks were most often inferior to schools for whites. The New Kent School and the George W. Watkins School, New Kent County, Virginia, are associated with the most significant public school desegregation case the Supreme Court decided after "Brown v. Board of Education" in 1954. The 1968 "Charles Green, et al., v. County School Board of New Kent County, Virginia, et al." decision defined the standards by which the Supreme Court judged whether a violation of the U.S. Constitution had been remedied in school desegregation cases. This lesson is based on the National Historic Landmark nomination, "New Kent School and George W. Watkins School," and other primary sources. This lesson can be used in U.S. history courses in units on the civil rights movement or education history in America, or in studying African-American history. The lesson plan is divided into eight sections: (1) "About This Lesson"; (2) "Getting Started: Inquiry Question"; (3) "Setting the Stage: Historical Context"; (4) "Locating the Site: Maps" (New Kent County Map); (5) "Determining the Facts: Readings" (History of 'Green v. County School Board of New Kent County VA'; Excerpts from the 'Green' Decision; Perspectives on the New Kent County Experience); (6) "Visual Evidence: Images" (five era photographs of New Kent students); (7) "Putting It All Together: Activities" (Oral Interviews: Preserving a Piece of History; History of My School; First Person Account); and (8) "Supplementary Resources." (BT)
Descriptors: Black Students, Curriculum Enrichment, Heritage Education, Historic Sites, Primary Sources, Public Schools, School Desegregation, Student Research, United States History
National Park Service, Teaching with Historic Places, 11849 C Street, NW, Suite NC400, Washington, DC 20240. Tel: 202-619-7222. For full text: http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/twhp/wwwlps/lessons/104newkent/104newkent.htm.
Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher; Historical Materials
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Practitioners; Teachers
Authoring Institution: National Park Service (Dept. of Interior), Washington, DC. National Register of Historic Places.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: United States Constitution