ERIC Number: ED475461
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2002-Mar-20
Approaches to Social Science Research: Communication and Language Teaching/Learning.
Kitao, S. Kathleen; Kitao, Kenji
This book discusses two major approaches to social science research: quantitative research, which involves converting observations to numbers and analyzing them statistically; and qualitative research, which looks at participants' opinions, behaviors, and experiences from their own points of view and in a more subjective way. In the book, particular emphasis is put on research related to communication and language teaching/learning. Following an Introduction, under Part I--Looking at Science--are these chapters: (1) What Is Science?; (2) Aims and Methods of Science; (3) Science, Common Sense, and Ways of Knowing; (4) Quantitative and Qualitative Research. Under Part II--Quantitative Research--are these chapters: (5) Variables and Hypotheses; (6) Constructs and Variables; (7) Getting Started and Choosing Your Approach; (8) Writing Questionnaires; (9) Doing Interviews; (10) Making Observations; (11) Variance, Control, and Threats to Validity; (12) Threats to Internal Validity; (13) Faulty Research Design; (14) Analyzing Results of Quantitative Research--Descriptive and Statistical Significance; (15) Analyzing Results of Quantitative Research--Comparative Statistics. Under Part III--Qualitative Research--are these chapters: (16) Designing Qualitative Research Studies; (17) Using Observation in Qualitative Research; (18) Practical Aspects of Observation in Qualitative Research; (19) Using Case Studies; (20) Analyzing Data in Qualitative Research: Word-Based and Scrutiny-Based Approaches; and (21) Analyzing Data in Qualitative Research: Linguistic Features and Tactile Approaches. Appendixes contain information about writing research papers; citing sources and avoiding plagiarism; sample research papers; doing a presentation on your research; titles, abstracts, and biodata; and answers for exercises. (NKA)
Descriptors: Communication Research, Language Research, Learning Activities, Qualitative Research, Research Design, Research Methodology, Sciences, Social Science Research, Statistical Analysis
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Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Practitioners; Teachers
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