ERIC Number: ED475454
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
A Literature Review on Youth and Citizenship. CPRN Discussion Paper.
Beauvais, Caroline; McKay, Lindsey; Seddon, Adam
Using the yardsticks of independence and equality, an analysis of the literature on youth from a citizenship perspective can track youth's citizenship status and capacity to become full citizens. For young people, education is an avenue to either exclusion or independence and equality. For example, dropouts are more likely to live in poverty, and economic independence is considered key to achieving full citizenship. Exclusion exists in the school system, as schools continue to stream young women into traditional career paths and allow racial discrimination. Schools fail to provide the knowledge and capacity to make informed, intelligent choices about substance abuse and sexuality. Access to education, student debt, and labor market conditions delay economic independence. Young people face discrimination due to age and membership in a particular community. Examples of differential treatment are found in the areas of work, medicine, social services, and legal system. Their right to protection from harm is infringed upon most by the transportation system and societal problems related to gender, poverty, and marginalization. Having hope for the future and feelings of belonging influence youth participation in politics and resistance to marginalization through formation of subcultures and via political protest. The notion of precariousness best captures the experience of youth citizenship with respect to exercise of rights and responsibilities, access, and belonging. (Appendixes include a 271-item bibliography and roundtable summary.) (YLB)
Descriptors: Age Discrimination, Citizen Participation, Citizen Role, Citizenship, Citizenship Education, Citizenship Responsibility, Dropouts, Literature Reviews, Poverty, Racial Discrimination, Role of Education, School Effectiveness, Secondary Education, Sex Discrimination, Subcultures, Youth, Youth Opportunities, Youth Problems
For full text: http://www.cprn.org/docs/corporate/rlryc_e.pdf.
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Canadian Policy Research Networks Inc., Ottawa (Ontario).
Identifiers - Location: Canada