ERIC Number: ED475330
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1999
Planning for Literacy Instruction: Guidelines for Instruction. Sharing Ideas.
French, Martha M.
This guide to developing literacy skills with deaf and hard of hearing children stresses the flexible use of various methods based on the needs of individual children. The paper begins by examining selected methods and approaches to literacy instruction, citing ways that these might or might not benefit students depending upon implementation. This section is followed by discussion on the application of seven guidelines for planning literacy instruction. These address: (1) a broad view of literacy and the interdependency of various elements of development; (2) instruction and assessment guided by individual patterns of development; (3) language use that is fully accessible and comprehensible in various settings; (4) language role clarification and instruction based on awareness of the languages used by the student; (5) a model of inquiry for literacy learning across the curriculum; (6) a structured, balanced program for teaching reading and writing; and (7) selection of important top-down and bottom-up skills and strategies for teaching reading and writing. The paper also stresses literacy instruction within the broader goals of education and the importance of the social climate in the classroom. (Contains 35 references.) (DB)
Descriptors: Deafness, Educational Principles, Elementary Secondary Education, Literacy Education, Partial Hearing, Reading Instruction, Student Educational Objectives, Teaching Methods, Writing Instruction
Gallaudet University, Laurent Clerc National Deaf Education Center, KDES PAS-6, 800 Florida Ave., NE, Washington, DC 20002-3695. Tel: 202-651-5340; Tel: 800-526-9105 (Toll Free); Fax: 202-651-5708; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://clerccenter.gallaudet.edu. For full text: http://clerccenter.gallaudet.edu/Products/Sharing-Results.
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Education, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Gallaudet Univ., Washington, DC. Laurent Clerc National Deaf Education Center.