ERIC Number: ED475281
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2003-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
Characteristics of Food Stamp Households: Fiscal Year 2001.
The Food Stamp Program (FSP) provides millions of Americans with the means to purchase food for a nutritious diet. This report presents characteristics of food stamp households nationwide in fiscal year 2001. Information on household characteristics comes from FSP household data collected by the federal Food and Nutrition Service for quality control purposes. In an average month in fiscal year 2001, the FSP provided benefits to 17.3 million people living in 7.5 million households nationwide. The total program cost was $17.8 billion, $15.5 billion of which were for food stamp benefits. The average monthly food stamp benefit was $163 per household. Compared with fiscal year 2000, the number of FSP participants increased by 1 percent, and FSP benefit costs increased by 5 percent. Slightly over half of all food stamp participants were children, 39 percent were nonelderly adults, and 10 percent were elderly people. Approximately 89 percent of food stamp households lived in poverty. Food stamp benefits were concentrated among poorer households. Of all food stamp households, 88 percent contained either a child or an elderly or disabled person, and those households received 91 percent of all benefits. Most food stamp households with children were single-adult households. Close to 70 percent of food stamp households are located in urban areas. Households with elderly members received a relatively small average monthly food stamp benefit ($58), reflecting their relatively small average size. (Contains 56 tables and an index.) (SM)
Descriptors: Children, Family Characteristics, Family Income, Federal Programs, Food, Nutrition, Older Adults, One Parent Family, Poverty, Welfare Services
U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food and Nutrition Service, 3101 Park Center Drive, Room 503, Alexandria, VA 22302-1500. Web site: http://www.fns.usda.gov/oane.
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Food and Nutrition Service (USDA), Alexandria, VA. Office of Analysis and Evaluation.
Authoring Institution: Mathematica Policy Research, Washington, DC.