ERIC Number: ED475116
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
The Effects of Temporary Services and Contracting Out on Low-Skilled Workers: Evidence from Auto Suppliers, Hospitals, and Public Schools. Staff Working Paper.
Erickcek, George; Houseman, Susan; Kalleberg, Arne
A study examined why employers use temporary agency and contract company workers and implications of these practices for wages, benefits, and working conditions of workers in low-skilled labor markets. Case studies in manufacturing (automotive supply), services (hospitals), and public sector (primary and secondary schools) industries defined the circumstances under which these workers were likely to be adversely affected, minimally affected, or even benefited by such outsourcing. Adverse effects on compensation were clearest when companies substituted agency temporaries or contract company workers for regular employees on a long-term basis because low-skilled workers in the organization received relatively high compensation and employment and labor law or workers and their unions did not block companies from such substitution. Often, organizations only contracted out management functions or used agency temporaries for brief periods, with little direct effect on in-house, low-skilled workers. Employers often used temporary agencies to screen workers for permanent positions. Because temporary agencies lowered the cost to employers of using workers with poor work histories or other risky characteristics, agencies might benefit these workers by giving them opportunities to try out for positions they might not have had. (Contains 18 references) (YLB)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Case Studies, Employer Employee Relationship, Employment Patterns, Employment Practices, Employment Services, Fringe Benefits, Labor Conditions, Labor Legislation, Personnel Selection, Salary Wage Differentials, Semiskilled Workers, Temporary Employment, Unions, Unskilled Workers, Work Environment
W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, 300 South Westnedge Avenue, Kalamazoo, MI 49007 (Item # 03-90; $3). Tel: 616-343-4330; Fax: 616-343-7310; e-mail: email@example.com; Web site: http://www.upjohninst.org. For full text: http://www.upjohninst.org/publications/wp/03_90.pdf.
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Upjohn (W.E.) Inst. for Employment Research, Kalamazoo, MI.