ERIC Number: ED475059
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2003-Mar
Mathematics Learning and Teaching in Rural Communities: Some Research Issues. Working Paper.
Silver, Edward A.; Castro, Alison M.
In 1998 the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics held a working conference on issues pertaining to effective mathematics education in schools serving poor communities. This paper reprises some themes of that conference and highlights potentially important issues to consider in a research agenda with an intentional focus on rural mathematics teaching and learning. A section on student learning of mathematics in rural schools discusses the decline in rural students' mathematics achievement in grade 12, relative to other locales, and considers possible contributory factors: low parent and student aspirations and expectations toward education, perceptions that mathematics is not relevant, or lower access to advanced mathematics courses. A section on mathematics teaching points out that some efforts to improve mathematics teaching have been characterized by intensive professional development involving the whole school. Such sustained professional support and mentoring may not be available in small rural schools, and distance education alone may not be sufficient to overcome professional isolation. Examination of two data sets supports the notion that lack of local support impedes rural teachers' pursuit of innovation in mathematics teaching. Research on mathematics education in rural areas is scarce. There is an acute need to identify good sources of information on these issues, develop syntheses of what is known and what is needed, and raise awareness of the issues in the larger mathematics education community. (Contains 43 references.) (SV)
Descriptors: Disadvantaged, Educational Attitudes, Educational Research, Elementary Secondary Education, Mathematics Achievement, Mathematics Education, Poverty, Professional Development, Research Needs, Rural Education, Rural Urban Differences
For full text: http://kant.citl.ohiou.edu/ACCLAIM/rc/rc_sub/pub/3_wp/Silver14.pdf.
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Science Foundation, Arlington, VA.
Authoring Institution: Ohio Univ., Athens. Appalachian Collaborative Center for Learning, Assessment, and Instruction in Mathematics.
Note: Paper presented at the ACCLAIM Research Symposium (McArthur, OH, November 3-6, 2002).