ERIC Number: ED475035
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2002-Jun
2000 Survey of Youth Gangs in Indian Country. NYGC Fact Sheet.
Major, Aline K.; Egley, Arlen, Jr.
In 2001, the National Youth Gang Center conducted a survey of youth gangs in Indian country. Three hundred of the 577 federally recognized tribal communities responded to the survey. Twenty-three percent of Indian communities reported active youth gangs during 2000. The extent of the gang problem varied considerably among communities, with many reporting comparatively few youth gangs and gang members. Although gang members' reported involvement in crime varied, it most often included graffiti and vandalism. The vast majority of gang members in Indian country were American Indian, Alaska Native, or Aleut. Gang members were most often reported to be juvenile and male, but 82 percent of identified gangs included both male and female members. Ten percent of gangs were female-dominated (more than half of the members were female). Less than 10 percent of respondents reported youth gang activity in their communities before 1988, and 74 percent of communities reported their year of gang problem onset after 1990, suggesting the relatively recent emergence of gang problems in their communities. Since most gang members in Indian country are young and many are female, gang prevention efforts should target all youth during late childhood and early adolescence. Furthermore, as the gang problem in Indian country appears to be an extension of more serious community problems, policies aimed at improving overall conditions in these communities most likely will have a concurrent positive impact on the community's gang problem. (TD)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Alaska Natives, Community Problems, Community Surveys, Crime, Juvenile Gangs, Reservation American Indians, Vandalism
For full text: http://www.iir.com/nygc/publications/2000_survey_indian_country.pdf.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Institute for Intergovernmental Research, Tallahassee, FL. National Youth Gang Center.; Department of Justice, Washington, DC. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.