ERIC Number: ED474984
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2002
Reference Count: N/A
Efficiency, Equity and Autonomy.
This document is a chapter in "The Principles and Practice of Educational Management," which aims to provide a systematic and analytical introduction to the study of educational management. The structure of the book reflects the main substantive areas of educational leadership and management, and most of the major themes are covered in the volume's 19 chapters, of which this is one. This chapter examines the development of increased school autonomy in the governance structure of an education system and how these changes affect educational finances. School autonomy is related to a school's power to choose its own actions unconstrained by other organizations. Many times autonomy is enhanced through decentralization and becomes manifest in self-managing schools, school-based management, political decentralization, and self-governing schools. However, the arguments for and against increased school autonomy must be considered in the context of funding and provision; markets, hierarchies, and networks; efficiency; and equity. Competition is seen as the main driving force behind efficiency, and those who argue for heightened competition among schools claim that it gives managers and teachers the needed incentives to improve productivity. The impact of a policy of increasing school autonomy depends, first, on whether it is primarily in the form of self-managing schools within a central regulatory framework or, second, relies mainly on increased competition, either among state schools or among the public and private sector. Decision-makers must be careful in assessing research on questions of efficiency, equity, and autonomy since different methods have been used to measure these outcomes in different school systems. (Contains 51 references.) (RJM)
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: In: The Principles and Practice of Educational Management; see EA 032 295.