ERIC Number: ED474888
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002
Reference Count: N/A
Schools in Estonia as Institutional Actors and as a Field of Socialisation.
Kalmus, Veronika; Pavelson, Marje
This paper provides a theoretical overview of education as an institution and as a field of socialization. It analyzes the relationships among multicultural education, integration, and civic society. Some of the socializers of the educational field are the formal curriculum, educational media, and the hidden curriculum. These socializers are highlighted and illustrated with empirical data regarding Estonian education phenomena. The paper explores more concrete cases: problems and perspectives of Russian schools, ethno-political discourse in school textbooks, and Russian children in Estonian schools. It notes that, although a number of studies monitoring the process of socialization in Estonian and Russian schools are still pending, two broad generalizations can be made: (1) Russian schools in Estonia have been successful in their progress towards becoming educational institutions that foster multiple identities and future citizens' loyalty to the state; and (2) Estonian schools serve as multicultural educational institutions by accommodating intercultural socialization of Russian-speaking children. (BT)
Descriptors: Citizen Participation, Educational Research, Foreign Countries, Minority Group Children, Multicultural Education, Schools, Socialization
Tartu University Press, 78 Tiigi St., 50410 Tartu, Estonia. Web site: http://www.tyk.ut.ee/eng.php/.
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Estonia