ERIC Number: ED474788
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2003-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
The Situation of Children in Iraq: An Assessment Based on the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child.
In accordance with UNICEF mandates requiring a situation analysis prior to preparing a new country program, this report examines causes and linkages between problems affecting women and children in Iraq, identifies necessary actions to realize the rights of women and children, and contributes to the country program strategy for priority interventions, future research, and rights-focused advocacy. Following the executive summary, the report's introductory chapter presents the conceptual framework and methodology. Chapter 2 describes the political and socioeconomic context of Iraq, provides demographic and psychosocial profiles, and describes a legislative and institutional framework for children. Chapters 3 through 5 review issues related to children's right to life and survival, children's right to education, and the right of vulnerable children to protection. Chapter 6 addresses the human rights of women. Chapter 7 recommends priority interventions, and suggests areas for future research and advocacy. The report notes that as many as 24 percent of children are not attending primary school, with nearly twice as many girls staying out of school as boys. Other worrisome trends noted include declining adult female literacy, increasing maternal mortality, increased numbers of working children, and the inability of existing institutions to meet the needs of these children or of children with disabilities. The report points out that the current state of many Iraqi schools is a disincentive to education as well as a health hazard for children. The main conclusion of the report is that unless basic causes are addressed, the best that can be hoped for from program interventions is a mitigation of the situation. Rights-based advocacy should be of greatest priority to ensure that basic causes are addressed. Specific recommendations for advocacy, research, and interventions conclude the report. (Contains 21 references.) (KB)
Descriptors: Access to Education, At Risk Persons, Childhood Needs, Children, Childrens Rights, Civil Liberties, Communicable Diseases, Disabilities, Diseases, Employment, Females, Foreign Countries, Intervention, Mortality Rate, Nutrition, Physical Development, Well Being
United Nations Children's Fund, 3 UN Plaza, H-9F, New York, NY 10017. Tel: 212-326-7513; Fax: 212-303-7985; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.unicef.org. For full text: http://www.unicef.org/pubsgen/situation-children-iraq/children-of-iraq.pdf.
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: United Nations Children's Fund, New York, NY.
Identifiers - Location: Iraq