ERIC Number: ED474780
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2003-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
A Snapshot of Head Start Children, Families, Teachers, and Programs: 1997 and 2001. CLASP Head Start Series, Policy Brief.
Schumacher, Rachel; Rakpraja, Tanya
Noting that there is a need to understand characteristics of the Head Start program, the children and families it serves, and how these have changed since the last reauthorization in 1998, this policy brief is the first of a series of analyses of Head Start Program Information Report (PIR) data by the Center for Law and Social Policy. All Head Start federal grantees are required to submit PIRs annually to the Department of Health and Human Services, thereby providing a basic snapshot of Head Start children, families, staff, and programs. This report synthesizes key PIR data from the most recently available program year, 2000-2001, and compares these data with those from the 1996-1997 program year. While in most cases the information remains fairly consistent between the 2 years, there are 4 trends meriting particular attention. First, more Head Start families were working full-time and fewer were receiving cash assistance in 2001, leading to greater needs for full-day, full-year child care. Second, more Head Start programs were able to provide children with full-day, full-year services in 2001. Third, median Head Start family income rose to between $9,000 and $11,999 a year in 2001, with the proportion earning less than $15,000 declining slightly. Fourth, Head Start programs have made progress toward a legislative mandate to increase the proportion of teachers with at least an associates degree to 50 percent by September 2003. (Contains 14 endnotes.) (KB)
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Employed Parents, Family Characteristics, Family Income, Incidence, Preschool Children, Preschool Education, Student Characteristics, Teacher Characteristics, Teacher Qualifications
Center for Law and Social Policy, 1015 15th Street, NW, Suite 400, Washington, DC 20005. Tel: 202-906-8000; Fax: 202-842-2885; Web site: http://www.clasp.org. For full text: http://www.clasp.org/DMS/Documents/1047305635.76/Head_Start_brief1.pdf.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Center for Law and Social Policy, Washington, DC.