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ERIC Number: ED474761
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001
Pages: 27
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Gender, Generation, and Off-Farm Employment on the Mexican "Ejido."
Katz, Elizabeth
Chapter 7 of "The Economics of Gender in Mexico" discusses how Mexico's "ejido" system, a semicollective form of land tenure, has been undergoing a process of privatization in which parcels are being converted into privately held land. Simultaneously, small-scale producers have been hurt by the lifting of price and credit subsidies and the passage of NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement). These changes have prompted "ejidatarios" to look for off-farm employment. An analysis of the determinants of off-farm employment for "ejido" residents and the degree to which these determinants differ by gender and generation yields several findings. First, the availability of non-agricultural jobs is unevenly distributed among Mexico's rural regions. This has implications for the gender composition of employment because women are more likely to obtain skilled or semiskilled jobs than men. Second, the labor force participation of young rural women is catching up with and even exceeding that of their male counterparts. Finally, the fact that male household heads are the only group whose off-farm employment is altered by the income support program (PROCAMPO) that replaced grain production subsidies suggests some degree of private appropriation of farm-based income among ejidatarios, which in turn influences the labor supply decisions of daughters. Policy recommendations include investing in gender-neutral, off-farm employment opportunities; raising the skill level of "ejido" residents, especially girls, through education; and increasing access of all household members to PROCAMPO payments. (Contains 17 references and 24 endnotes.) (TD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Mexico