ERIC Number: ED474663
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2000-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
Economic School Integration. New Ideas for a New Century. Idea Brief.
Kahlenberg, Richard D.
Efforts to promote greater educational opportunity (compensatory spending, racial desegregation of schools, higher standards, reduced class size, and private school vouchers) have fallen short. Research indicates that middle-class schools generally work well, and any given child will do better in a middle-class than a low-income school. This paper suggests that no school should have more than 50 percent low-income students. Currently, about 25 percent of public schools have majority low-income students. Among the strategies recommended for economic school integration to work is creating an explicit policy that all schools are to have a majority of students who are not impoverished. The paper asserts that the best way to promote economic school integration is the "controlled public school choice" system of student assignment, in which parents are polled about the types of specialty schools that interest them and all schools become magnets with different pedagogies and themes attracting different families. The economic integration approach relies much less on expenditure of funds than leading spending approaches, such as Title I and class size reduction, but the benefits are likely to be greater. (SM)
Descriptors: Access to Education, Compensatory Education, Educational Finance, Educational Improvement, Elementary Secondary Education, Equal Education, Low Income Groups, Magnet Schools, Middle Class, Poverty, Public Schools, School Choice, School Desegregation, Socioeconomic Status, Teacher Qualifications
Century Foundation, 41 East 70th Street, New York, NY 10021. Tel: 212-535-4441; Fax: 212-535-7534; e-mail: email@example.com; Web site: http://www.tcf.org.
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Century Foundation, New York, NY.
Note: For an update to this brief, see UD 035 300.