ERIC Number: ED474426
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Children, Education and War: Reaching Education for All (EFA) Objectives in Countries Affected by Conflict. Conflict Prevention and Reconstruction Unit Working Paper.
Conflict's path of devastation and chaos has dramatically slowed the ability of war-torn countries to reach the Education for All (EFA) goals adopted in Dakar (April 2000). This paper describes the situation confronting children, their families, and governments in conflict countries and describes the challenges of reaching universal primary education. The most logical starting point lies in supporting emergency education where it exists and dramatically expanding access to education where it does not exist. Yet, most primary-age children in war-affected areas are not in school and have no realistic hope of enrolling in one. Forced migrant children in refugee and Internally Displaced People (IDP) camps and settlements have a better chance of attending school. Education for and efforts to engage with youth remain limited. Youth programming, when it does exist, is usually poorly supported, and may not offer much hope in terms of opening employment and income opportunities. Periods before and immediately after conflicts require careful policy development. Preparedness planning and contingent strategies require attention. The paper also warns against top-down, material-based educational solutions. It is divided into five sections: (1) "Introduction"; (2) "Background: Children and War"; (3) "Educating Children Affected by Conflict: Current Experience"; (4) "Recommendations"; and (5) "Conclusion." An annex contains results of analysis of armed conflict on EFA goals from a sample of 12 countries. (Contains 61 references.) (BT)
Descriptors: Access to Education, Childhood Needs, Conflict, Educational Objectives, Equal Education, Foreign Countries, Primary Education
The World Bank, 1818 H Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20433. Tel: 800-645-7247 (Toll Free); Fax: 703-661-1501; Web site: http://www.worldbank.org/.
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: World Bank, Washington, DC. Human Development Network.
Identifiers - Location: Africa; Asia; South America