ERIC Number: ED474392
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002-Nov
Addressing the Achievement Gap: A Challenge for Washington State Educators.
Shannon, G. Sue; Bylsma, Pete
This study synthesizes current research regarding the nature of the achievement gap in Washington State, root causes and conditions perpetuating the gap, and strategies for closing the gap. It emphasizes the gap between white students and students of color and between students from more affluent backgrounds and their lower-income counterparts. Data come from the Washington Assessment of Student Learning, Iowa Tests of Basic Skills, and Iowa Tests of Educational Development. Results indicate that the large gap has remained relatively unchanged nationwide over the past decade. Similarly, Washington assessment data show a relatively large and unchanged achievement gap. White and Asian student performances are relatively similar, far exceeding the scores of black, Hispanic, and American Indian students. In mathematics, Asian students usually outperform white students. Strategies for closing the gap include changed beliefs and attitudes of parents, families, students, and teachers; cultural responsiveness; greater opportunities to learn; effective instruction; and more family and community involvement. Six appendices present test score results by race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status, scores needed to meet future goals, characteristics of high performing schools, current activities to close the achievement gap, and case studies.(Contains 44 references.) (SM)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, American Indians, Asian American Students, Attitude Change, Black Students, Culturally Relevant Education, Disadvantaged Youth, Elementary Secondary Education, Equal Education, Hispanic American Students, Minority Group Children, Parent Participation, Racial Differences, School Community Relationship, Socioeconomic Status, Teacher Effectiveness, White Students
Resource Center, Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction, P.O. Box 47200, Olympia, WA 98504-7200. Tel: 888-595-3276 (Toll Free); Web site: http://www.k12.wa.us.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Boeing Co., Seattle, WA.
Authoring Institution: Washington Office of the State Superintendent of Public Instruction, Olympia.
Identifiers - Location: Washington