ERIC Number: ED474304
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2003-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Scientifically Based Research. ERIC Digest.
This digest describes the nature and implications of scientifically based research (SBR). SBR grew out of the No Child Left Behind act of 2001, which stipulates that federally funded programs and practices must be grounded in scientifically based research. Scientifically based research is defined here as "persuasive research that empirically examines important questions using appropriate methods that ensure reproducible and applicable findings." The question of whether education has a scientific basis is controversial, however, and has been debated since the late 19th century. Advocates see SBR as a means of improving education and developing a knowledge base for what works. Alternatively, some scholars fear focusing on what works may blind educators to important aspects and potentially harmful unanticipated outcomes, or side effects, of education processes. The implications of SBR for school leaders are still emerging. At the very least, those relying on federal funding are required to select programs and practices supported by scientifically based research, but an adequate database of what works if far from complete. In the meantime, until general guidelines and recommendations are developed, school leaders must rely on their professional judgment regarding programs and practices in their schools. (Contains 10 references.) (WFA)
Descriptors: Administrative Policy, Educational Research, Educational Theories, Elementary Secondary Education, Federal Aid, Government School Relationship, Methods, Research Tools, Scientific Attitudes
ERIC Clearinghouse on Educational Management, 5207 University of Oregon, Eugene, OR 97403-5207. Tel: 541-346-2332; Tel: 800-438-8841 (Toll Free); Fax: 541-346-2334; Web site: http://eric.uoregon.edu. For full text: http://eric.uoregon.edu/publications/digests/digest167.html.
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; ERIC Digests in Full Text
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Educational Management, Eugene, OR.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: No Child Left Behind Act 2001