ERIC Number: ED474267
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002-Oct-18
Reference Count: N/A
School Vouchers: Results from Randomized Experiments.
Peterson, Paul E.; Wolf, Patrick J.; Howell, William, G.; Campbell, David E.
This paper is a report on the estimated effects on students and families of the offer of a voucher (the "intention-to-treat" effect) and the effects of switching from a public to a private school (the "treatment-on-the-treated" effect). Specifically, the report estimates the impact of voucher programs on student test scores, parental satisfaction with their childrens school, and parental reports of the characteristics of the school their children attended. Data for the report were gathered from test scores and parent surveys in schools with voucher programs in Washington, D.C.; New York City; and Dayton, Ohio. Following are three major findings of the study: (1) In the three cases taken together, effects of school vouchers on average test performance were found only for African-American students, whose scores were higher than scores of African-American students in public school; (2) Families that used vouchers to attend private schools were much more satisfied with their schooling than were families who remained in public schools; and (3) The educational environment of private schools was more conducive to learning than was that of public schools. (Contains 11 tables in the body, 7 tables in 2 appendices, and 39 endnotes, some with references.) (WFA)
Descriptors: Educational Environment, Educational Vouchers, Elementary Secondary Education, Parent School Relationship, Private School Aid, Private Schools, Public Schools, School Choice, Scores, Student School Relationship, Test Results, Test Use
For full text: http://www.ksg.harvard.edu/pepg/pdf/WNConfPDF/HowellWN02-19.pdf.
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA. Kennedy School of Government.
Identifiers - Location: District of Columbia; New York (New York); Ohio (Dayton)