ERIC Number: ED474250
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Welfare Reform Reauthorization in 2002: What Are the Issues for Tribal Communities and Indian Families? Issue Brief.
Maloy, Kathleen A.
The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (PRWORA) replaced Aid to Families with Dependent Children with Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF), which establishes work-focused, time-limited welfare benefits. TANF permits tribes to receive funds directly from the federal government to administer their own programs. As of June 2001, 34 tribal TANF plans served 170 tribes, and 38 more plans were pending. Most tribal TANF plans are fairly similar to state plans but tend to place greater emphasis on education and training as a first approach to welfare reform. The 2002 reauthorization of PRWORA provides an opportunity for considering what has been accomplished and what needs to be changed. States and tribes share a number of broad goals for PRWORA reauthorization: shifting the focus of welfare reform to poverty reduction; keeping TANF funding at least the same; expanding flexibility to include educational activities as eligible work; adjusting participation rate requirements; allowing families to receive supportive services (such as child care) without time limits; and avoiding new incentives and bonuses that would reduce resources and constrain program flexibility. Issues specific to tribes include reexamining the funding formula to account for tribes' infrastructure needs post-PRWORA; giving tribes equal access to state funds and to federal performance bonus and incentive funds; enabling families to receive more months of economic support while tribal economies are being developed; and improving state-tribal collaboration. (Contains 27 references) (TD)
Descriptors: American Indians, Economic Development, Employment Services, Federal Indian Relationship, Federal Legislation, Job Training, Poverty, Program Design, Public Policy, Tribal Sovereignty, Tribes, Welfare Reform, Welfare Services
For full text: http://www.kff.org/content/2002/20020415/6025.pdf.
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, Menlo Park, CA.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunities Reconciliation Act; Temporary Assistance for Needy Families