ERIC Number: ED473937
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2002-Jun
Using Electronic Assessment To Measure Student Performance: Online Testing.
Bennett, Randy Elliot
State Education Standard, v3 n3 p23-29 Sum 2002
This article discusses some of the advantages of computer-based testing and highlights efforts by several states and organizations to introduce electronic assessment. It also describes the challenges policymakers face in planning and implementing such an initiative and details the steps they can take to pursue this type of testing. As electronic learning becomes more widespread, the substance and format of assessment will need to keep pace. Once the infrastructure is in place, electronic processing can help large-scale assessment programs develop and deliver tests and present new types of test materials. Electronic processing can transmit responses to essay and other open-ended questions for human or computer scoring, and it can distribute test results. In the K-12 area, at least six states are moving assessments to Web delivery, and at least four states have initiated large-scale assessment projects that involve multiple subject areas and grades. The ultimate impact of the new technology may be to change fundamentally how educational assessment is thought about and done. Getting there will not be easy, but policymakers can take these steps to reduce the risks of technology-based assessment: (1) review the initiatives of other states; (2) establish cooperative arrangements; (3) develop a comprehensive multi-year plan; (4) build experimentation into the assessment plan; (5) involve people who can think creatively; (6) plan for a single technology infrastructure; (7) use the assessment for the purposes for which it was designed; (8) plan to go beyond delivering conventional tests by computer; and (9) do not forget why electronic assessment is desired. (Contains 26 references.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Journal Articles
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Association of State Boards of Education, Alexandria, VA.
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A
Note: Version of an Issue Brief by the National Governors Association's Center for Best Practices. Based on "How the Internet Will Help Large-Scale Assessment Reinvent Itself,""Education Policy Analysis Archives," v9, n5, February 2001, available at http://www.epaa.asu.edu/epaa/v9n5html.