ERIC Number: ED473891
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Modern-Day Youth Gangs. OJJDP, Juvenile Justice Bulletin.
Howell, James C.; Egley, Arlen, Jr.; Gleason, Debra K.
This report draws on data from the 1996 and 1998 National Youth Gang Surveys to compare the characteristics of gangs and gang members in jurisdictions with later onset of gang problems with those of gangs and gang members with earlier onset of gang problems. The survey asked respondents from law enforcement agencies to describe when gangs began to pose a problem in their jurisdiction. All of the resulting data are unweighted and do not represent national estimates. Findings indicate that recently formed gangs may not fit the stereotype of traditional gangs in cities with chronic gang problems. Gangs in jurisdictions with later onset of gang problems tend to have younger members, a much larger proportion of Caucasian and African American members, and a slightly larger proportion of female members than do their counterparts in jurisdictions with earlier onset of gang problems. Modern-day gangs are also less involved in violent crimes and drug trafficking than are their predecessors. (Contains 30 references.) (SM)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Delinquency, Guns, Homicide, Surveys, Urban Areas, Violence, Youth Problems
Juvenile Justice Clearinghouse, Publication Reprint/Feedback, P.O. Box 6000, Rockville, MD 20849-6000. Tel: 800-638-8736 (Toll Free); Fax: 301-519-5600; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Department of Justice, Washington, DC. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.; Institute for Intergovernmental Research, Tallahassee, FL. National Youth Gang Center.