ERIC Number: ED473846
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2003-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
Getting Help with Child Care Expenses. Assessing the New Federalism: An Urban Institute Program To Assess Changing Social Policies. Occasional Paper.
Giannarelli, Linda; Adelman, Sarah; Schmidt, Stefanie
As part of the "Assessing the New Federalism" project monitoring and assessing the devolution of social programs from the federal to the state and local levels, this study explored how much help employed families get with child care expenses and the types of help they receive. The analysis is based on data from the 1997 and 1999 National Survey of America's Families (NSAF), a nationally representative survey focused on families with children. Among the key findings are that about 30 percent of all employed families with children under age 13 receive some type of non-tax child care help, with two sources of help predominating: free care from a relative and free or subsidized care from a government agency or private organization. Low-income families were more likely to receive child care help than were higher-income families, especially families below the poverty level and single-parent families. Between 1997 and 1999, the percentage of low-income families with no child care expenses increased because of relative help. Approximately 20 percent of all employed families with children under 13 paid no child care expenses because of help received. At current levels of child care help, low-income families that pay for child care pay an average of 14 percent of earnings for care and poor families pay an average of 18 percent of earnings, compared to 7 percent for higher-earnings families. (Two appendices detail state-level results and provide details about methods used to identify and categorize types of child care. Contains 27 notes and 14 references.) (KB)
Descriptors: Child Care, Employed Parents, Expenditures, Family Financial Resources, Family Needs, Low Income Groups, National Surveys, Parents, Public Policy
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Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, Chicago, IL.; Annie E. Casey Foundation, Baltimore, MD.; Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, New Brunswick, NJ.; Kellogg Foundation, Battle Creek, MI.; Ford Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Urban Inst., Washington, DC.