ERIC Number: ED473724
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2003-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
Narrowing the Achievement Gap: A Review of Research, Policies, and Issues. Report.
Hertert, Linda; Teague, Jackie
Student achievement tests consistently show that certain groups of children score far below children in other groups. The data document a strong association between poverty and students' academic success. The achievement gap begins early in children's lives as the result of physical, social, and emotional deprivations. California is attempting to mitigate poverty, such as a high income-tax threshold, relatively generous minimum-wage law, improved access to health care, and the creation of the Children and Families First Program to promote and support early childhood development. Although investigations into why some students and schools perform better than others produced mixed findings, researchers do agree that narrowing the achievement gap requires a comprehensive set of strategies that are interdependent and crafted to meet local needs. California's efforts at solving the gap problem, though fragmented compared to those of other states, include reforms in education funding; the preparation and distribution of highly qualified teachers; school organization, management, and climate; and extra help and motivation for underperforming students. To address the student achievement gap more effectively, state policymakers need better data and definitive research to determine which practices make a difference in academic performance. A list of 27 selected resources concludes this report. (RT)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Child Development, Childhood Needs, Economically Disadvantaged, Elementary Secondary Education, Family Needs, Poverty
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Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: EdSource, Inc., Palo Alto, CA.
Identifiers - Location: California