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ERIC Number: ED473723
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002-Dec
Pages: 10
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Effects of Comprehensive School Reform in 12 Schools: Results of a Three-Year Study.
Holdzkom, David
This policy brief reviews the evolution of comprehensive school reform (CSR) and the development of CSR models, describes the AEL-CREP (Center for Research in Educational Policy) research project and its findings, and discusses policy implications. Over the past 2 decades, CSR has evolved from theory to pilot project to mandate to widespread implementation. Its evolution was catalyzed by reports, such as the 1983 report "A Nation at Risk." The AEL-CREP research project was undertaken to add to the body of empirical evidence on the effectiveness of CSR models. Twelve CSR schools were studied and compared with matching non-CSR control schools that shared certain characteristics. Data were collected annually. Findings showed that achievement gains became evident in the third year of implementation; that emerging differences in instructional practices seemed related to selected CSR models; and that different models evidenced different aspects of instruction, classroom practice, and teacher-student-knowledge relationships. This brief strongly recommends that school and policy leaders manage school and community expectations from the outset so that reforms are given sufficient time to produce positive changes, considering that student achievement gains were not evident until the third year of implementation. (Contains 16 references.) (RT)
AEL, P.O. Box 1348, Charleston, WV 25325-1348. Tel: 304-347-0400; Tel: 800-624-9120 (Toll Free); Fax: 304-347-0487; e-mail:; Web site: For full text:
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: AEL, Inc., Charleston, WV.