ERIC Number: ED473560
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2003-Mar
Crossing the Bridge: An Evaluation of the Drug Treatment Alternative-to-Prison (DTAP) Program. A CASA White Paper.
Columbia Univ., New York, NY. National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse.
Previous research has found that 80 percent of all adults incarcerated for felonies either had regularly used illegal drugs or abused alcohol, been convicted of a drug or alcohol violation, were under the influence of drugs and/or alcohol at the time of their crime, committed a crime to support their habit, or exhibited some combination of these characteristics. The key to reducing crime, the prison population and the enormous associated costs is to reduce the substance abuse among offenders. The Drug Treatment Alternative-to-Prison (DTAP) Program in Brooklyn, New York gives every indication of doing just this with some of the most difficult offenders who have not been convicted of violent crimes. The program is open to addicts who have repeatedly sold drugs, have not been convicted of a violent crime, are willing to engage in treatment and communal living, do not have a history of violence or severe mental disorder, and are facing a mandatory prison sentence. CASA's five-year evaluation of the program reveals the following: DTAP participants have rearrest rates that are 26 percent lower and reconviction rates that are 36 percent lower two years after leaving the program than those of the matched comparison group; participants are 67 percent less likely to return to prison; DTAP graduates had rearrest rates that were 33 percent lower, re conviction rates that were 45 percent lower, and were 87 percent less likely to return to prison; and graduates are three and one-half times likelier to be employed than they were before arrest. DTAP is proposed as a promising example of what law enforcement can do to reduce the number of addicted drug offenders in America's prisons. (Contains 56 references and 3 tables.) (GCP)
Descriptors: Correctional Institutions, Correctional Rehabilitation, Drug Addiction, Drug Rehabilitation, Outcomes of Treatment, Prisoners, Program Effectiveness, Program Evaluation, Substance Abuse
National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University, 633 Third Ave., New York, NY 10017-6706. Tel: 212-841-5255; Fax: 212-956-8020; Web site: http://www.casacolumbia.org. For full text: http://www.casacolumbia.org/usr_doc/Crossing_the_bridge_March2003.pdf.
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. on Drug Abuse (DHHS/PHS), Bethesda, MD.
Authoring Institution: Columbia Univ., New York, NY. National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse.
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A