ERIC Number: ED473530
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002
Reference Count: N/A
Estimating Equating Error in Observed-Score Equating. Research Report.
van der Linden, Wim J.
Traditionally, error in equating observed scores on two versions of a test is defined as the difference between the transformations that equate the quantiles of their distributions in the sample and in the population of examinees. This definition underlies, for example, the well-known approximation to the standard error of equating by Lord (1982). However, it is argued that if the goal of equating is to adjust the scores of examinees on one version of the test to make them indistinguishable from those on another, equating error should be defined as the degree to which the equated scores realize this goal. Two equivalent definitions of equating error based on this criterion are formulated. These definitions can be used to evaluated existing equating methods and derive new methods if the response data fit an item-response theory model. An evaluation of the traditional equipercentile equating method and two new conditional methods for tests from a previous item pool of the Law School Admission Test showed that, under a variety of conditions, the equipercentile method tends to result in a serious bias in the equated scores, while the new methods are practically free of any bias. (Contains 5 figures and 14 references.) (Author/SLD)
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Equated Scores, Error of Measurement, Estimation (Mathematics), Item Response Theory, Law Schools
Faculty of Educational Science and Technology, University of Twente, TO/OMD, P.O. Box 217, 7500 AE Enschede, The Netherlands. E-mail: Fox@edte.utwente.nl.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Law School Admission Council, Princeton, NJ.
Authoring Institution: Twente Univ., Enschede (Netherlands). Faculty of Educational Science and Technology.
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Law School Admission Test