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ERIC Number: ED473464
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2002-Oct-1
Pages: 54
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Language Skills and Earnings: Evidence from Childhood Immigrants.
Bleakley, Hoyt; Chin, Aimee
Because research on the effect of language skills on earnings is complicated by the endogeneity of language skills, this study exploited the phenomenon that younger children learn languages more easily than older children to construct an instrumental variable for language proficiency. Data came from the 1990 U.S. Census, specifically the Integrated Public Use Microsample Series files. The sample included people arriving between 1960-74 who had been in the United States for 16-20 years and were age 25-38 in 1990. The sample was divided into three mutually exclusive language categories: non-English-speaking countries of birth, countries of birth with English as an official language that had English as the predominant language, and other countries of birth with English as an official language. Results found a significant positive effect of English proficiency on wages among adults who immigrated to the United States as children. Much of this impact appeared to be mediated through education. Differences between non-English-speaking origin countries and English-speaking ones that might make immigrants from the latter a poor control group for non-language age-at-arrival effects did not drive these findings. (Contains 33 references.) (SM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A