ERIC Number: ED473230
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2003
When Schools Stay Open Late: The National Evaluation of the 21st-Century Community Learning Centers Program. First Year Findings.
Dynarski, Mark; Moore, Mary; Mullens, John; Gleason, Philip; James-Burdumy, Susanne; Rosenberg, Linda; Masnfield, Wendy; Heaviside, Sheila; Levy, Daniel; Pistorino, Carol; Silva, Tim; Deke, John
First authorized in 1994, the 21st-Century Community Learning Centers program supports after-school programs in approximately 7,500 rural and inner-city public schools . A distinguishing characteristic of 21st-Century programs is the inclusion of academic activities. This report presents the first-year findings from an evaluation of the program. Elementary school students were randomly assigned to treatment and control groups. The middle school sample was comprised of a nationally representative sampling of after-school programs and participants, and a matched comparison group. The first-year findings revealed that while 21st-Century after-school centers changed where and with whom students spent some of their after-school time and increased parental involvement, they had limited influence on academic performance, no influence on feelings of safety or on the number of latchkey children, and negative influences on behavior. In the middle school centers, homework help sessions were typically organized with students in large groups proctored by teachers or other staff, and homework was not checked for quality or completeness. Middle school participants, averaging attendance of one day per week, were more likely than nonparticipants to report that they sold drugs, smoked marijuana, or had their personal property damaged. Elementary programs reduced the time students spent at home cared for by a parent or sibling but did not reduce self-care. Key implementation findings indicate that grantees had succeeded in implementing their planned programs and in gaining support from and creating working relationships with school principals and teachers. Most programs provided academic, enrichment, and recreation activities, but made limited efforts to plan for sustainability. The report's two appendices contain information on data collection procedures and data quality, and describe the technical approach for estimating impacts of middle and elementary school centers. (Contains 15 references.) (KB)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, After School Programs, Child Development, Children, Early Adolescents, Federal Programs, Latchkey Children, Program Descriptions, Program Effectiveness, Program Evaluation, Program Implementation, School Age Child Care, Student Attitudes, Student Behavior
ED Pubs, Education Publications Center, U.S. Department of Education, P.O. Box 1398, Jessup, MD 20794-1398. Tel: 877-433-7827 (Toll Free); Tel: 800-872-5327 (Toll Free); Fax: 301-470-1244; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.ed.gov/about/ordering.jsp. For full text: http://www.ed.gov/pubs/21cent/firstyear.
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Education, Washington, DC. Office of the Under Secretary.; Charles Stewart Mott Foundation, Flint, MI.
Authoring Institution: Mathematica Policy Research, Princeton, NJ.
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A
IES Cited: ED505962