ERIC Number: ED473185
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002
Reference Count: N/A
Vocational Education and Training against Social Exclusion: Poland. Report.
European Training Foundation, Turin (Italy).
The problem of social exclusion in Poland was examined along with possible strategies for combating social exclusion through vocational education and training (VET). The examination began with an analysis of the special needs of individuals who have reduced opportunities within the labor market and/or are members of national and ethnic minorities. General policies promoting social integration were explored along with measures directed at special groups, general strategies for improving access to education, and the role of nongovernmental organizations in preventing social exclusion. Possible methods for approaching members of the following risk groups were analyzed: the long-term unemployed; school leavers; rural young people; early dropouts; and disabled persons. It was concluded that efforts to combat social exclusion in Poland through VET should begin by targeting young people in agricultural areas and long-term unemployed individuals and that programs should include the following elements: (1) knowledge, professions, skills, and qualifications; (2) general development to improve people's chances for a job, decent living, and good level of education; (3) offers of work and employers who are ready to offer jobs to unemployed individuals; and (4) local entrepreneurship. (The bibliography lists 17 references. A discussion of changes in enrollment and graduation rates in Polish schools and universities between 1991-1992 and 1998-1999 is appended.) (MN)
Descriptors: Access to Education, Adult Programs, At Risk Persons, Change Strategies, Comparative Analysis, Disabilities, Disadvantaged, Dropouts, Educational Change, Educational Environment, Educational History, Educational Needs, Educational Policy, Enrollment, Enrollment Trends, Equal Education, Ethnic Groups, Foreign Countries, Graduation Rate, Labor Market, Minority Groups, Needs Assessment, Nongovernmental Organizations, Outreach Programs, Policy Formation, Postsecondary Education, Program Design, Public Schools, Rural Areas, Rural Education, Secondary Education, Social Integration, Social Isolation, Special Needs Students, Unemployment, Universities, Vocational Education, Youth Programs
For full text: http://www.etf.eu.int/etfweb.nsf/pages/vetdown1/$file/plsocialexc lusion.pdf.
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: European Training Foundation, Turin (Italy).
Identifiers - Location: Poland