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ERIC Number: ED473164
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2003
Pages: 35
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Male and Female Middle School Students' Perceptions of Maternal Employment as a Function of Gender and School Environment.
Farrell, Debi; Lindquist, Mia; Strauss, Aviva; Gorton, Larua; McCauley, Joyce; Nyce, Susan; Johnson, Lisa; Covert, Stephanie; Maggi, Leigh; Fields, Susan; Eddy, Preethy; Black, Aimee; Denis, Lauren; Chambliss, Catherine
This study examined middle school students' perceptions of maternal employment, as a function of their gender and type of school environment (suburban vs. urban). A four-part survey, which included information about the respondents' mother's work status, the Beliefs About Consequences of Maternal Employment for Children (BACMEC) scale, and Rosenberg's Self-Concept scale, as well as demographic information, was distributed to 53 male and 55 female middle school students in suburban and urban area schools. Independent t-tests were performed examining both the relationship between school type and gender variables on five dependent measures. The results indicated that statistically significant differences were present between suburban and urban students' perceptions of the benefits associated with their mothers' employment. Urban students perceived greater benefits associated with their mothers' working. In addition, significant differences were found in students' relationships with their fathers; suburban students regarded their relationship with their fathers more positively than urban students. Similarly, significant gender differences were also found. Female respondents perceived greater benefits from maternal employment than their male counterparts. Finally, female students rated the quality of their maternal relationships higher than male students. No significant differences were found in terms of students' perceptions of their relationships with their fathers, or in terms of self-esteem. (Contains 97 references.) (Author)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A